\"Latino\" is used more often on the west coast and \"hispanic\" is used more often on the east coast. In the United States the terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" (or "Latina" for a woman; sometimes written as “Latinx” to be gender-neutral) were adopted in an attempt to loosely group immigrants and their descendants who hail from this part of the world. The term Hispanic is derived from the Latin word for \"Spain,\" while Latino is derived from Spanish word for Latin but which as an English word is probably a shortening of the Spanish word latinoamericano, which in English means \"Latin American.\" Let’s explore the distinctions between Hispanic and Latino and Latina (and Latinx). In the US, a regional difference divides the words. Historically in English, Hispanic referred to Spain and its people in the Iberian peninsula. After much deliberation, they landed on Hispanic. Updated : 2019-05-04 . There is a difference between Latin and Latino. In this short article, we will learn the meaning and differences of the words Hispanic and Latino. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Share on facebook. While Hispanic was at one time overwhelmingly favored in the late 20th century, Latino, when applicable, is growing more popular with younger generations seeking to stay rooted in their cultural identity. With this understanding, a Brazilian could be Latino and non-Hispanic, a Spaniard could be Hispanic and non-Latino, and a Colombian could use both terms. There is another argument against Hispanic: many who now exclusively use Latino, Latina, or Latinx argue that Hispanic reflects the imperialist history of Spain as a European colonizer in Latin America, rather than the rich cultures of the indigenous peoples of the continent. Does “Bimonthly” Mean Twice A Month Or Every Two Months? Get over yourself. Kat Lazo: Okay. When used as a noun, it refers to people who speak Spanish, especially those who have origins in Latin America and are living in the USA. Share on email. These activists, inspired by the Civil Rights movement, were seeking the new designation as part of a push for equality and a recognition of diversity, and a new term they believed would highlight the differences and hardships these residents faced as a result of their shared Central and South American provenance. In the mid-70s, a young Mexican-American government worker, Grace Flores-Hughes, and a diverse group of Spanish-speaking federal employees were tasked with selecting a word for a new federally defined heritage category for the 1980 US census. But even today, Hispanic and Latino, or the gender-neutral Latinx, remain inherently entangled, and are still easily misused by even the most perspicacious student of geography. Learn the differences between Spanish vs Hispanic, Latin American vs Latino, Spanish vs Latino, and more. The most preferred descriptor, however, may be a person’s specific country of origin. Read our article that dives into the complex entanglement of these two terms. Latin America, extending from the deserts of northern Mexico to the icy wilds of Tierra del Fuego in Chile and Argentina, encompasses many diverse countries and peoples. It's a question that I think leaves most of us scratching our heads -- what exactly is the distinction between being Latino, Hispanic or Spanish? Speaker 7: I hate when people call me Spanish, because I’m not. If you refer to someone from Brazil as a Hispanic, if you think that someone from Spain is Latino or if you think “Latinx” is a typo, then you need to watch HuffPost Latino Voices’ latest video. The main difference between Mexican and Hispanic is that Mexican is a … Latin America is the part of the American continents south of the United States in which Spanish, Portuguese, or French is officially spoken (as a result of European colonialism). In popular use, Hispanic can generally be used to describe anyone from (or descended from) Spanish-speaking parts of Latin America, the Caribbean, or Spain itself. Hispanic is an adjective while Latino could be an adjective or a noun. It is important to clarify that the categories refer only to a person's origin and ancestry. Latino is an adjective and a noun that describes a person “of Latin American origin or descent,” especially one who lives in the United States. If you’re from a country in the Americas where a language derived from Latin is spoken, you’re a Latino (or a Latina, if you’re a woman). An important—and perhaps surprising—note on Latinx: According to one 2019 poll, the vast majority of Hispanic and Latin Americans say they do not identify with the word. This article clearly is describing the difference between Hispanic, Latino, and Chicano. Among those who do have a preference, nearly half of Hispanic and Latino Americans prefer Hispanic to describe their ethnicity; about a quarter prefer Latino. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These terms are often used to describe people of Latin American descent, but their actual meanings are a bit more complicated. Over the last several decades, as the evolution—and some might say revolution—of American culture and politics has paved the way for more nuanced discussions about race and heritage, the discrepancies between the words have widened. That being Latin America. “Street Art” vs. “Graffiti”: What’s The Difference? Hispanic was coined from the dwellers of the Iberian Peninsula which includes Portugal and Spain. And then take a peek at this informative article on the meaning of Indigenous and Indigenous Peoples’ Day. 7 Words To Stop Using In 2021 (And What To Say Instead), Laying Down The Law On “Sedition” vs. “Treason” vs. “Insurrection” vs. “Coup”, You’re Having A Kid! They are not the same. If you've ever wondered what is the difference between both terms, keep on reading for the definitions. Is Cinco de Mayo Mexico's Independence Day? While Hispano has to do with the language and applies to every individual and country in which Spanish is spoken. However, the term Latino is an overarching identity that encompass people from and/or heritage from Latin America. Latinx emerged in the early 2000s and has since spread as a gender-neutral or nonbinary way to refer to a person of Latin American descent. For example: if a woman was born and raised in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Spanish was her first language, she may be called a Hispanic Latina. But Hispanic didn’t spread in the American English lexicon until at least the mid-1970s. There’s a key to knowing when to use one or the other: one term is related to the language and the other to the land and culture. For example: if a man was born and raised in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Portuguese is his first language, he is Latino because he is from Latin America, but he is not Hispanic because he speaks Portuguese. So, which do you choose next time you find yourself reaching for such a descriptor? That’s easy enough. The term caught on, and thanks in part to a boost in popularity from ads aired on Univision and during Spanish-language TV shows, Hispanic became a more broadly acceptable label. Latino is recorded as early as the mid-1940s in the United States ultimately shortened from the Spanish latinoamericano (“Latin American”), but it wasn’t included on the US census for the first time until 2000—20 years after “Hispanic.”. In the 1970s, activists began lobbying the US Census Bureau to group together Americans descended from Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico and elsewhere in Latin America, rather than ask them to declare an origin from a particular country, as they had to do on the 1970 Census. Being a person of Latin American descent and especially of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin living in the U.S. O f or relating to the people, speech, or culture of Spain. Hispanic refers to people who speak Spanish or are descended from Spanish-speaking populations, while Latino refers to people who are from or descended from people from Latin America. Why Do Babies Around The World Say “Mama”? In general, Hispanic is a term that is applied to people having Spanish roots, speaking Spanish language, or having cultural ties with Latin America. Hispanic, Latino and Spanish are often used interchangeably in describing race. Biden makes awkward remark about African American and Latino diversity. When it comes to the words themselves, there’s an important difference to Hispanic and Latino: In another way of looking at it, Hispanic is linguistic and Latino is terrestrial. However, this is also an imperfect categorization, as there are many indigenous peoples from Spanish-speaking countries who do not identify with Spanish culture and do not speak the dominant language. Kat Lazo: Hispanic is basically based on whether you or you family speak the language of Spanish. On the difference between Latino and Hispanic I love the comic created by Terry Blas where he illustrates how Latino is a term telling you about Geography and Hispanic … Latino on the other hand originated from the dwellers of Latin America which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico and other places in South and Central America. (Merriam Webster Dictionary, 2019) LATINO The difference between Hispanic and Latino can be easily understood from the definition of each itself. Explore in a simple way the difference between the terms Hispanic and Latino. Although people from French Guiana are sometimes accepted as Latino since French shares linguistic roots with Spanish and Portuguese, there is much debate about whether people from English-speaking Belize and Guyana and Dutch-speaking Suriname truly fit under the category since their cultures and histories are so distinct. Hispanic and Latino are frequently used to refer to the roots or cultural origins of a person. What Does “Amen” Mean At The End Of A Prayer? The differences between Hispanic and Latino are complex, historical, and often very personal. The term Latinx is a gender-neutral term that can be used to refer to male or female Latinos, … A Latino/a or Hispanic person can be any race or color. “Race” vs. “Ethnicity”: Why These Terms Are So Complex. To simplify (or perhaps further confuse) matters, the 2010 U.S. Census listed both terms together and specifically mentioned the Spanish-speaking countries/territories of the Caribbean but vaguely excluded non-Spanish speaking countries (many Brazilians, for example, were unsure whether to check the box). Hispanic refers to people who speak Spanish and/or are descended from Spanish-speaking populations, while Latino refers to people who are … First recorded in English in the late 1500s, Hispanic derives from the Latin hispānicus, adjective of Hispānia, meaning and source of the name Spain. Read our article that dives into the complex entanglement of these two terms. Share on print. HISPANIC. But Hispanic and Latino are properly used for different purposes, and describe qualities of two different populations that sometimes overlap and sometimes don’t. A 2013 Pew Research Center study shows more than half don’t lean one way or another between the two words. The activists were successful. A Quick Breakdown Of The Difference Between Hispanic, Latino And Spanish. Hispanic and Latino are often used interchangeably though they actually mean two different things. Share on pinterest. Key differences between Hispanic and Latino The term Latino has to do with the geographical aspect and applies to the people and countries (of America) in which they speak languages ​​that derive of the Latin. "Latino is often the preferred noun or adjective for a person from, or whose ancestors were from, a Spanish-speaking land or culture or from Latin America. Latino refers to a person from Latin America. The terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" are often used synonymously in the U.S., with the term "Latinx" used as a gender-neutral alternative to the latter. Alyssa Pereira is a freelance writer in San Francisco, California. The reason for the inclusion of Latino? This distinction would apply to citizens from some island nations of Latin America, like English-speaking Jamaica or French-speaking Haiti, where Spanish is not the primary language spoken. The main difference between Hispanic and Latino is that Hispanic are an ethnolinguistic group of Americans whose genealogical origins are in Spain while the genealogical origins of Latino people are from the countries of Latin American. "Hispanic" is generally accepted as a narrower term that includes people only from Spanish-speaking Latin America, including those countries/territories of the Caribbean or from Spain itself. Latina or Latino ar… This includes Brazil, but excludes Spain. And I am not the one labeling anyone, just explaining the difference between the words Hispanic and Latino, which many people erroneously use as if they were the same thing. In fact, both Hispanic and Latino people are made up of several different groups of races. After the popularity of a post stating the differences between ethnicity vs race , I have decided to do another in the same vein. Hispanic is an adjective that generally means “relating to Spanish-speaking Latin America or to “people of Spanish-speaking descent.” It can also be used as a noun when referring to a US resident who is “of Spanish or Spanish-speaking Latin-American descent.”. While there are key differences in the definitions of Latino and Hispanic, many people who identify as both don’t have a preference between the two terms. Up until this point, many US residents of Central American, South American, and Caribbean descent had usually been compelled, without any other option, to check the boxes marked “White” or “Black” on official forms. It might sound complicated, but don’t fret! Latinos may speak a language that comes from Latin origin. On the flipside, a person from Madrid could be said to be Hispanic, but not Latino, because they natively speak Spanish but are from Europe; however, we may more commonly refer to them as Spanish. So, there are many people who fit the description of both terms. However, if used incorrectly, this usage can cause insult or offense. Portuguese, the primary language of Brazil, may not be Spanish, but it is also a Romance language—that is, it evolved from Latin, hence the term Latin America. Latino refers to people with origins from Latin American countries. The words “Hispanic,” “Latino” and “Spanish” all have different meanings, and Kat Lazo is here to clear it up. Despite these cultural labels and identifiers, many Hispanic and Latino Americans disagree on the matter of race. The form Latina refers to a Latin American woman. It’s easy to see why these two words are so often conflated and frequently confused. On June 24, 2020, the Associate Press (AP) Stylebook—a widely-used grammar resource for the media world—tweeted their most current definitions of the difference between the words Hispanic and Latino, and when to use each term. The term Hispanic implies a link or relation to the country Spain or any other Spanish-speaking countries, especially those in Central and South America. In general, "Latino" is understood as shorthand for the Spanish word latinoamericano (or the Portuguese latino-americano) and refers to (almost) anyone born in or with ancestors from Latin America and living in the U.S., including Brazilians. Her work has been featured on SFGate.com, SPIN Magazine, the San Francisco Chronicle, Paper, Vice, and others. A Latino/a or Hispanic person can be any race or color. The Gory Meaning Behind The Word “Sarcophagus”. Therefore, it is very important to know the difference between Mexican and Hispanic, before using these two terms. Latino is another term that is used to refer to a person from any of the Latin American countries. “Warranty” vs. “Guarantee”: What’s The Difference? What's the difference between the terms 'Latino' and 'Hispanic? I think this conversation alone proves that this issue is … The term gained currency when it was started to be used by the government, to identify ethnicity of the people living inside the country and having Spanish heritage. The difference between Latinx, Hispanic and Spanish Sometimes phrases are interchangeable, but they don’t mean the same thing Gabriella Nuñez , Multimedia Producer While views on … Well, that important topic deserves treatment all its own.). Remember, consider the context, the language, and the land—and why not ask a person how they prefer to refer to themselves? This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Though most of these countries are largely Catholic and Spanish-speaking, thanks to a shared history of colonization by Spain, they have at least as many differences as they do similarities with each other. By Taylor Pittman. So, unlike Hispanic, Latino includes Brazilians but excludes Spaniards. Difference between Hispanic and Latino. Was this page helpful? Redefine your inbox with Dictionary.com updates! The terms are often used interchangeably, though the words can convey slightly different connotations. In general, "Latino" is understood as shorthand for the Spanish word latinoamericano (or the Portuguese latino-americano) and refers to (almost) anyone born in or with ancestors from Latin America and living in the U.S., including Brazilians. Has this discussion piqued your interest in exploring the dynamics between race and ethnicity? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Their goal was to find a single term that encompassed the burgeoning Mexican, Cuban and Puerto Rican populations in US states. Is There An Actual Definition For The Term “Word Nerd”? In the United States, both Hispanic and Latino are considered racial categories as they are often used to describe a race. What is the Difference Between Hispanic and Latino? Hispanic and Latino are often used interchangeably though they actually mean two different things. Whereas Latino is focusing more on geographic location. A 2012 Pew Research poll found more than half most frequently use their country of descent to describe themselves, e.g., Mexican, Dominican, Cuban. The two words are used interchangeably by many people, including organizations like the US Census Bureau and the US Department of Transportation. Hispanic proved too narrow a term because it excluded people descended from South America’s largest country, Brazil. The main difference between Hispanics and Latinos is that Hispanic is basically based on whether you or your family speak the language of Spanish whereas Latino is focusing more on geographic location, which is Latin America. But there are also those who don’t fit both. Most people use these words interchangeably, but there is actually a difference. Hispanic refers to Spanish origin, though it has come to represent several cultures that were once a part of the Spanish Empire. There's a difference, of course, between In 1970, the US census included the term “Hispanic” for the first time in an attempt to create a common racial and ethnic defi… There also remains the matter of Latin in Latin America, which is Eurocentric. In day-to-day life, many Latin American immigrants and descendants simply prefer to state their countries of origin directly. marked “White” or “Black” on official forms. But what's the right terminology? From boxes on census forms to drop-down menus on job applications, we often see Hispanic and Latino positioned side by side, seemingly as interchangeable terms to describe the race and heritage of a population that makes up nearly 20% of the United States. "Latino" does not include speakers of Romance languages from Europe, such as Italians or Spaniards, and some people have (tenuously) argued that it excludes Spanish speakers from the Caribbean. However, they more describe an ethnicity rather than just a race. The same Pew study found half self-identify their race as “Hispanic/Latino” or “some other race”; 36% identify their race as “White.” (And as for the difference between race and ethnicity, you may be wondering? If you are confused about the difference between the terms Latino and Hispanic, the simplest thing to remember is that Hispanic refers to Spanish-language populations, while Latino refers to Latin American countries and culture. Latino, Latina, Latinx are geographic terms, which refers to a person from Latin America or of Latin American descent. … Latinx. There are many layers to the definitions of these terms and it can be quite confusing for a person to correctly point out the difference. On the other hand, Mexican actually refers to a person, object or even a concept from Mexico, which is a country found in Latin America. How To Tell Your Spouse, Your Boss, And Everyone Else, “DNA” vs. “RNA” vs. “mRNA”: The Differences Are Vital. Broadly, Hispanic is used to refer to people with their heritage linked to the Spanish language and the Spanish speaking countries. 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